Some European countries, such as Spain, are preparing temporary plans for when to begin treating COVID-19 as a local disease, but the World Health Organization and other health officials have warned that the world is nowhere near announcing an end to the epidemic.
Here’s a look at what the local and future implications are.
What does it mean to be contagious without being contagious?
Diseases are transmitted when they occur infrequently in certain areas and according to established methods, while epidemic refers to a global outbreak that causes waves of unpredictable infection.
According to Catherine Smallwood, an epidemiologist at the United Nations Health Organization’s European headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said that redefining the corona virus as a local disease is “a long way off.” “We continue to have great uncertainty and a fast-growing virus,” he said earlier this month.
For many countries, the local situation cannot be considered a public health emergency and there is little evidence to support it.
Who determines when Govt-19 spreads?
Most rich countries can make that decision themselves based on how the virus spreads within their borders and the potential for new cases to cause major outbreaks. The widespread use of COVID-19 vaccines, drugs, and other activities in these countries will help prevent the outbreak long before the virus is brought under control worldwide.
Technically, the World Health Organization does not report infections. Its highest alert level is the global health emergency, and in January 2020 Govt-19 entered that category. UN The agency meets with an expert panel every three weeks to review the situation.
The epidemic is likely to end when WHO experts declare that COVID-19 is no longer a global emergency, but the criteria for that outcome have not been precisely defined.
“This is a somewhat subjective decision because it’s not just about the number of cases, it’s about its severity and its impact,” said Dr. Michael Ryan, the WHO’s emergency chairman.
Others point out that naming COVID-19 local is more of a political issue than a scientific one, and speaks volumes about the number of illnesses and deaths that officials and their citizens are willing to tolerate.
What does Spain propose?
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sசnchez said last week that the decline in the death toll from COVID-19 was the time for European officials to begin to consider whether the disease should be considered local. This means that Spanish authorities will no longer have to record every infection of the corona virus, and those with symptoms will no longer have to undergo diagnostic tests, although they will continue to be treated as if they were infected. The proposal was discussed with some community officials, but no decision was reached.
In October, the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention provided advice on how to proceed with routine monitoring of COVID-19 after the most severe phase of the disease. In his recommendations, he suggested that instead of trying to test every person with symptoms, nations should coordinate the monitoring of corona virus with other diseases, such as the flu, and analyze a representative sample of COVID-19 cases.
Is the problem over if endemic?
No. Many serious diseases, such as tuberculosis and HIV, are thought to be spreading in some parts of the world and kill hundreds of thousands of people each year. Malaria, for example, spreads through many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, with about 200 million cases a year, including about 600,000 deaths.
“The endemic itself is good,” Ryan said. “If it’s endemic it will always be here.”
Even after COVID-19 has turned into an established respiratory virus such as seasonal flu, officials warn that it could still be dangerous to some.
“The COVID will still be with us,” said Dr. Chris Woods, an epidemiologist at Duke University. “The difference is that people will not die blindly from it, and it will be more common, and everyone will have better and fair access to vaccines, treatments and diagnoses.”
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