CNN has geolocated and certified videos on social media of these movements – although there are many videos that go unnoticed.
Some of the videos come from official sources; Most of them are from TikTok or YouTube. They are analyzed by online monitors and are often complementary to satellite imagery.
There is a lot of other evidence of the military build-up in the Belgorod region as well.
CNN geolocated these videos in the village of Sereteno, about 15 miles (24 kilometers) from the border. It was loaded on Sunday and shows tanks moving in the area.
These videos can be geolocated at this place:
Russian troops are also moving at night in the area – with tanks unloaded from trains.
It snows more here than in the south – CNN geolocated this video for a village near Belgorod:
Tanks around Voronezh
From other angles:
CNN geolocated these clips to this location:
Helicopters near Belgorod
In the past two days, more videos have surfaced on social media of helicopters arriving near the Ukrainian border. They can provide important protection for ground forces in the event of an attack. Filmed near Belgorod:
The Russian crowd includes tanks, infantry fighting vehicles known as BMPs, and self-propelled artillery – as seen here on a train on the outskirts of Belgorod:
Missile and artillery support
Michael Kaufman, a Russian analyst at CNA, a Virginia-based nonprofit, notes that units in Kursk (such as the Sixth Combined Arms Army) “appear to be moving into Belgorod with district-wide artillery support. He says the 1st Guards Panzer Army is beginning to move as well. – “Supposed to the final staging area.”
Of particular concern is the movement of convoys of short-range ballistic missiles Iskander-M, which, apparently, were picked up in the past few weeks in various parts of western Russia.
If a conflict does start, these could potentially be used to attack established Ukrainian positions – such as command-and-control positions. It has a range of 250 miles (402 km) and has been observed in recent satellite images.
Missile launchers near the border
CNN geolocated this convoy, which includes multiple missile launchers, to a location about 15 miles (24 kilometers) north of the Ukrainian border.
Russian weapons and ships continue to be closed to the Ukrainian border. Locations where equipment was previously placed for more than 100 miles (161 km) The borders were gradually emptied as the units advanced.
Russian units are located a few miles from Ukraine all the way from the Sea of Azov, along the Ukrainian border and into Belarus.
“The current Russian military build-up near Ukraine is unprecedented,” tweeted Rob Lee, of the Department of War Studies at Kings College London. “This is not like the fears of the previous war or the buildup in the spring [of 2021]. The size of the Russian air, land and naval military power near Ukraine is now much greater in quantitative terms. ”
While the equipment appears to have been assembled, where – and when – it will be moved to the next remains unknown.
“Amateur organizer. Wannabe beer evangelist. General web fan. Certified internet ninja. Avid reader.”