August 16, 2022

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Summary of Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan

In recent years, tensions between the United States and China, two Major economic powers of the world, is growing and one island has become an enduring symbol of this rivalry: Taiwan.

Every gesture from Washington to Taipei invariably draws reactions from Beijing, and this year there have been several: the most recent may have been US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan.

China’s foreign ministry vowed to take “decisive and forceful measures” if they continue their journey.

Meanwhile, Taiwan has begun its annual Han Guang military exercises, which last a week and simulate an enemy invasion.

Another tense situation occurred in May, when US President Joe Biden said his country would respond militarily if China intervened in Taiwan, while Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has created a similar concern in Taipei. Beijing’s move.

“We agree with the One China policy. We signed it and all the deals on it were done from there, but the idea that it can be taken by force, taken by force is (just not) appropriate,” Biden said.

The tensions are a reminder of the decades-long animosity between the governments in Beijing and Taipei, with both sides historically claiming to be the rightful rulers of all parts of China, including Taiwan.

Here’s a look at this historic feud.

Nationalist government

Taiwan’s official name, the Republic of China, was established in 1911 after the fall of China’s last imperial dynasty.

Under the rule of the Nationalist Party or Kuomintang (KMT) led by Chiang Kai-shek, the Republic of China had to contend with the advances of the Empire of Japan in the early 1930s and later during World War II. and the growing power of the Chinese Communists led by Mao Zedong.

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[FollowingJapan’sdefeatin1945theRepublicofChinaregainedTaiwanlostinthepreviouswarwiththeJapanesebutfouryearslaterin1949theCommunistPartymilitarydefeatedtheKuomintanginabloodycivilwaronthemainland[1945இல்ஜப்பானியதோல்வியைத்தொடர்ந்துசீனக்குடியரசுஜப்பானியர்களுடனானமுந்தையபோரில்சீனாஇழந்ததைவான்தீவைமீண்டும்பெற்றதுஆனால்நான்குஆண்டுகளுக்குப்பிறகு1949இல்கம்யூனிஸ்ட்கட்சிஇராணுவத்தால்பிரதானநிலப்பகுதியில்இரத்தக்களரிஉள்நாட்டுப்போரில்கோமிண்டாங்தோற்கடிக்கப்பட்டது

That same year Mao established the People’s Republic of China with its capital in Beijing.

When 1.2 million Chinese, mainly military, left for Taiwan with Chiang Kai-shek’s government, Assessments made by Taiwanese authoritiesAnd after defeating a brief incursion by Communist troops on the island they were able to settle there.

Mao’s forces, instead, extended their control over mainland China, and regarded Taiwan as a renegade province. “Indispensable part” At some point it will return to Beijing’s control.

Regional dispute, global tension

Separated by a strait, opposing ideological positions and historical conflict, the two Chinas – the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China – have remained together amid tensions despite partition. Traditions, culture and a common languageMandarin Chinese.

This tension between Beijing and Taipei has always been linked to the strained relationship between Beijing and Washington.

Read the full memo here.