On May 5, Mexico’s Independence Day was commemorated, not National Day. It comes to mind The Battle of PueblaAn event that took place in 1862 was part of the European power’s last attempt to seize territory in the United States, but it has largely concealed the unknown relationship with Hispanic identity and pride in the United States.
Although not listed as an official holiday on the calendar, May 5 in Mexico is considered a school commemoration — without classes — and a significant military victory with popular support. In it, a general, now born in the Texas area, became a key figure in the success of what is considered by historians. “First Chicano Hero”.
In an interview with Univision Noticias, Jose Carlos Melisio Nolasco, Mexico’s national anthropologist and historian, confirmed two key moments in Mexico’s history in the 19th century in order to understand the relevance of the Puebla War. Century to consider.
The shock of leaving first US intervention in MexicoA conflict between 1846 and 1848 led Mexico to cede more than half of its territory to the United States.
“I would say Mexico is Mexico because it did not gain independence from Spain. I believe Mexico was really born after the North American invasion. Mexico became Mexico after it invaded and stole half of it,” the historian confirmed.
The next important element to understand is the years leading up to the so-called Second French interventionThe Puebla War joined, a moment of fighting between Conservative and Liberal groups leading to the Civil War in Mexico, which led to a civil conflict between 1858 and 1861. Support of European powers.
At the end of the war, the weak administration of President Benito Juarez was established in Mexico City. Substantial credit With Spain, England and France. Unable to fulfill his obligations and suspend his payments, President Jurassic Foreign Minister Manuel Doplato negotiated his debt with Spain and the United Kingdom, but not with the French government.
Unable to reach any agreement, Napoleon III decided in 1861 to send 6,000 members of his army to Mexico. Very powerful in Europe And perhaps the world, to occupy Mexican territory.
“With six thousand soldiers, Napoleon believes he can control Mexico,” Melicio Nolasco said. “But no. In this case it turns out that they may have been arrested in Puebla by the military resistance ordered by General Ignacio Zaragoza.
Zaragoza on May 5 and its significance
Ignacio Zaragoza was a professional soldier who was born on March 24, 1829, in Bahía del Espiritu Santo, in the state of Coahuila y Tejas (now Goliath, Texas), before Mexico. Gave up more than half of its land area Tamoulibas and his family emigrated to the United States and then to the center of the country.
Silvestre Villegas Revueltas, a researcher at the Institute of Historical Research at Mexico’s National Autonomous University, explained in a conversation with Univision News that Zaragoza was not an advanced man, but a professional soldier who went to military school.
“He comes from the forces of the Mexican Northeast, especially the governor of Nuevo Leியோn in Cohoula (Jose Santiago Vidouri).
Zaragoza was commissioned by the Mexican government to command the Eastern Army, known as the ‘Count of Lawrence’, led by General Charles Ferdinand Lautrille, who was responsible for controlling the French advance, which began in January 1862 at the port of Veracruz. This character carried with him one of the latest glories of Europe, the Crimean War. With that hope, on the border of arrogance, they climbed in the direction of the country’s central plateau on their way to Mexico City.
David against Goliath in Bubla
Villacos Revaldas explained that General Zaragoza’s planning, the support of his generals, described as exceptional to the martial arts, the rise of the terrain and the participation of the inhabitants of the Zakabokstla district allowed the suppression of the war to take place. In the forts of Loreto and Guadeloupe for the French army.
The news that David, represented by the Mexican army, had defeated the Frenchman Goliath was first accepted with disbelief by President Jurassic in the opera, and then it spread like wildfire around the world.
Jose Carlos Melisio Nolasco promised that the news of the victory of the Mexican army in the squares and restaurants across the country would be read in the newspapers. A sense of pride flooded practically the entire territory and Went into the United States Citizens like Zaragoza are involved in their own conflict, Civil War1861-1865.
According to Melisio Nolasco, the Battle of Puebla was one of the episodes of the second French intervention in Mexico. One year later, in 1963, 30,000 French soldiers came to the country We must advance through the territory and capture the city of Mexico without encountering great opposition.
There was no Gaelic army until 1866 Began to leave Mexico He always supported Napoleon III before the approach of a war between France and Prussia, and before the defeat of the Confederacy in the American War of Separation in 1865.
According to historian Villegas Revaldas, in 1967, after the end of their respective conflicts, Mexico and the United States actually merged. “Two truly independent nation-states”.
It was at that moment that its citizens, especially Mexican-Americans, began their struggle to be regarded as American citizens with all rights. , Proud of being Mexican in the United States.
“Travel aficionado. Infuriatingly humble reader. Incurable internet specialist.”