December 10, 2022

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Elections in Peru: Pedro Castillo leads Keiko Fujimori in the first ballot

Point Pedro Castillo and Caico Fujimori (AFP)

Castillo left Point Pedro over the right to vote for right-wing Keiko Fujimori in the June 6 presidential election in Peru, the first time since a general election a week ago, in a poll released this Sunday by a local television channel.

Castillo, a rural school teacher, focuses Turnout 42%, Keiko Fujimori, daughter of imprisoned former President Alberto Fujimori, receives one 31% Priorities, says the Ipsos survey.

16% will vote empty or zero, with 11% not mentioning their electoral preference in the consultation, Marked the program The fourth power From America Television It spread the referendum.

Ipsos interrogated 1,204 people on April 15 and 16, a 2.8% margin error.

Keiko, 45, defends the free market, while Castillo, 51, supports a serious economic role for the state, including nationalization. However, both candidates agree on some issues with conservative positions: they are against abortion, they defend the traditional family, they do not attach importance to claims about the rights of the LGDPI community, and reject the gender approach in schools.

In a polarized campaign, the negative feedback of the candidates plays a decisive role. On that plane, 55% of voters responded that they would never vote for Keiko Fujimori, while 33% said they would never support Castillo.. The rural teacher is also a “tougher vote” than his rival (his supporters).

According to the regional purpose, Support is reversed only in Lima, where Fujimori gets 43% of the vote and Castillo 26%., Support for the candidate in the interior of the country reaches 51% and Fujimori 24%.

Division of the survey in terms of regions
Division of the survey in terms of regions

Survey details The great support that Castillo receives in the interior of the country, Which has 47% support in urban areas and 60% in rural areas. Fursa Fujimori, the Popular Party candidate, has 26% support in urban areas and 20% in rural areas.

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In terms of region, Castillo also has strong support, with 41% in the north, 68% in the center, 58% in the south and 45% in the eastern Amazon. Fujimori, for its part, has 30% support in the north, 22% in the center, 17% in the south and 29% in the east.

Division of the socio-economic level.  Point Pedro Castillo has huge support among low-income people, while Fujimori is strongly supported by the rich.
Division of the socio-economic level. Point Pedro Castillo has huge support among low-income people, while Fujimori is strongly supported by the rich.

Commenting on the survey results, Alfredo Torres, director of Ipsos, said, “Seven weeks before the second round of elections,” this is true. This is an important gap because in other cases it is not so different”. Fujimori (2011 and 2016) In the controversial previous polls, this was never supported in the first polls held after the general referendum, but it has never been far behind. In both campaigns, against Hollande Humala and Pablo Kuczynski of Point Pedro, he overcame the difference in the elections and then fell to second place.

“If Keiko Fujimori wants to turn the game around it is upwards, he started with a score against it,” Torres said before reiterating “we have to be careful,” but acknowledge that the gap is wide. “Castillo’s progress is no longer limited to the Andean region, but to other parts of the country, such as the north, which is a novelty,” he said.

Mario Vargas Losa, a fiercely opposed writer for Fujimorista, conducted the IPSOS poll before giving his support to the right-wing candidate to avoid victory for the left.

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Castillo, the candidate for the Peruvian Liberal Party, is leading the first presidential round with 19.09%, after counting almost 100% of the vote in Sunday’s election, and Fuerza Popular’s Keiko took him with 13.35%, which was counted with a record of 18 candidates and no favorites. The counting of votes for the presidential election is practically over, but the passage of both candidates must be announced by the National Electoral Arbitration Board, which is scheduled for May, according to their boss, George Luis Salas.

The country, in a recession caused by the epidemic and politically unstable since 2016 – there were three presidents in five days in November – are now going to the polls between the two candidates located in the antipodes, and they received only 32% of the vote in the first round.

Keiko has said he will pardon his father, who faces up to 25 years in prison for crimes against humanity and corruption during his government (1990-2000) if he becomes president. He faces up to 30 years in prison in the upcoming trial for money laundering and other charges in the Brazilian construction company Odebrecht scandal.

Pedro Castillo, Peru's presidential candidate at the end of his campaign in Lima (Europa Press)
Pedro Castillo, Peru’s presidential candidate at the end of his campaign in Lima (Europa Press)

Political opponents sought to annex Castillo to Venezuela under the administration of Nicolas Maduro. In Peru, there are more than one million Venezuelans who have survived the crisis in that country.

After learning about the survey, Castillo released a video message in which he thanked the people “deeply in support” and said that he would conduct himself in the second round “with the same attitude, the same loyalty to the people.” “We do not agree to run a campaign with attacks, with low range, they will not have it on our part; in this situation we believe it is necessary to propose the country’s big plans politically,” he said.

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If he reaches the head of state, his government will “respect” the current constitution and propose to change it, “until the people decide it in a referendum, until it emerges from the people.” He concluded: “There are no longer poor people in the rich country.”

(With information from EFE and AFP)

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