Apollosan Banisathar, Iran’s first president since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, left Tehran on Saturday after being accused of violating church authority. He is 88 years old.
In the sea of black-clad Shia clerics, Banisatr stood alone Western cut cases and such French luggage What was in the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre He was convinced 15 years ago that he would be the first president of Iran.
Those differences isolated him when he tried to implement Socialist style economy in Iran With the support of the profound Shia religion inspired by his clerical father.
Banisatr never consolidated his control over a government he allegedly led amidst events beyond his control. The hostage crisis at the US embassy and the invasion of Iraq, which escalated the turmoil following the revolution.
True power was firmly in the hands of the supreme leader Ayatollah Ruhollah KhomeiniWith whom Banisadhar worked when he was deported to France and in the midst of the revolution he returned to Tehran. But After 16 months in office, Khomeini pushed the iceberg aside and forced him to flee to Paris, where he stayed for decades..
“He was like a child whose father was slowly becoming addicted to alcohol,” Banisathar later said of Khomeini. “Medicine, this time, power.”
The former president died at a Paris hospital, Panisadhar’s family said in a statement on Saturday Chronic disease.
Born March 22, 1933 in Hamadan (Iran), Banisatr A. Religious family. His father, Nasrollah Banisadar, Ayatollah, was a Shia cleric who opposed the policies of Reza Shah, the father of the Shah.
“Even in the womb, I am a revolutionary”Banisadhar once spoke proudly.
As a teenager, he protested against Shaw and was imprisoned twice. Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh has backed the nationalization of Iran’s oil industry It was then thrown out in 1953 during a CIA-backed conspiracy. During the 1963 riots, Banisathar was wounded and fled to France.
He studied economics and finance Sorbonne University, In Paris, and later taught classes there. It was Author of books and articles on socialism and IslamIdeas to guide him after entering Khomeini’s inner circle.
After leaving Iran, Banisathar and Masood Rajawi formed the National Council of Opposition in Iran. He retired from the Banisat Council in 1984 after joining the Mujahideen-e-Kalk with Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein in the war against Iraq.
He will be out of Paris for the rest of his life Target of suspected Iranian assassins.
In one book, after being told without proof, Banisathar got a bad name again Ronald Reagan’s campaign to delay release of hostages agrees with Iranian leaders, Destroyed the re-election of then-President Jimmy Carter. This caused the impression that “October Surprise” In American politics: a planned event powerful enough to affect an election.
Investigators in the U.S. Senate would later say in 1992, “the weight of the evidence is that there is no such agreement.” However, after Reagan took office in 1981, US weapons began to flow into Iran through Israel, known as the Iran-Contra scandal.
“The clergy used you as a tool to get rid of the democratic forces,” he told a former hostage during a 1991 U.S. tour. “The night they held you hostage, I went to see Khomeini and told him that he had acted against Islam and against democracy.”.
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